The journey of a woman from being a little girl to entering womanhood is accompanied by a lot of changes physically and emotionally. While coping up with the changes during menarche is difficult, so is managing the start of menopause. Menopause is a stage in the life of a woman which marks the end of the menstrual cycle. Menopause usually occurs in the late 40s to early 50s; however, sometimes it may begin in the late 30s. At times due to various medical conditions like a premature ovarian failure or certain or surgery for removal of ovaries can lead to menopause. With this said, menopause does not mean that you will wake up one day to suddenly find your periods stop. It is important to understand what the indicators of menopause are.
How does menopause start?
This is a gradual process and is preceded by several symptoms that indicate the beginning of menopause. As a woman approaches her late 40s, the periods become irregular. A woman can have months where her periods do not occur. She also begins to experience mood swings and difficulty sleeping. Likewise, there are several other symptoms that women generally experience during their menopause. Below are listed some of the signs and symptoms that a woman needs to watch out for to understand if she is around her menopausal state.
- Hot flashes – This is a condition when a woman begins to feel unusually warm suddenly mostly in the upper body. This warmth is more intense over the neck, face, and chest.
- Vaginal dryness – This is one of the most common symptoms of menopause and about one in every three women experiences this. This is usually painful and itchy; however, proper medical attention is required as this could also be due to genitourinary tract infections.
- Weight changes – Due to change in metabolism, hormonal imbalance, sleep deprivation, and increased insulin resistance, a woman tends to gain weight when in the menopause stage; however, a proper diet plan and exercise can help maintain ideal body weight.
- Headaches – Decreased in estrogen levels in women entering menopause which may cause severe headaches.
- Fatigue – Feeling fatigued and tired is also among the most common symptoms experienced during menopause.
- Itchy skin – Since estrogen levels are related to keeping the skin hydrated, a drop in these levels leads to dry and itchy skin.
- Hair loss – Hormonal fluctuations also lead to thinning or loss of scalp hair.
- Stress incontinence – The pelvic and bladder muscles tend to weaken due to change in hormones thereby leading to a sudden urge to urinate frequently.
In addition to the above, women may experience several other symptoms too. However, most of these symptoms could also be due to other medical conditions too. In order to better delineate the condition and identify the cause, it is recommended to visit a doctor and understand the condition. Most of these symptoms can be managed holistically and naturally. Researches have shown that yoga and meditation have been beneficial in keeping the symptoms under control and managing menopause without difficulty. Prameya Health understands the varied needs of a woman and our experts have programs designed to address these issues and help women lead a healthy and happy life.